sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo
As you just finished to configure your sudoers to execute a remote command without a password through an ssh connection you are now getting the error sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo.
This post covers the basics of
tty meaning before getting into how to fix or workaround this
tty related errors.
👉 Not your issue? Check my post on this other common error: sudo: no tty present and no askpass program specified.
sudo is a command line programm that allow users to run programms with the security privileges of another user or group which default to the superuser (i.e.
root). The command name originally meant superuser do. You will often see the term
sudoers which refers to your sudo users or the sudo configuration file which is generally located at
TTY stand for teletypewriter which comes through a long history before the computer era. Nowadays, the tty command is used to provide the file name of the terminal connected to the standard input, example:
What is 'sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo'?
The error message sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo will occur when the
sudo command is trying to execute a command that requires a
tty. It is most-likely happening because you are running on a Linux distribution with
sudo configured by default to require a
sudo commands to run from a real
tty was generally done as a matter of security concern. In reality, this does not provide any real security benefit. This is generally enforced by setting
Defaults requiretty in the
Some Linux distributions have been known to have this as a default configuration. RedHat just recently removed this from Fedora and REHL, see Bug 1020147.
How to solve 'sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo'?
Disable the Tty Requirement
You can either disable
requiretty globally or for a single
sudo user, group, or command.
To disable this feature globally, replace
Defaults requiretty by
Defaults !requiretty in your
Alternatively, to change this configuration at a per user, per group or per command basis, you can suffix the
Defaults word with the appropriate user, group, or command as in the example below.
Defaults!/path/to/my/bin !requiretty Defaults:myuser !requiretty
Workaround a Tty Requirement by Using a Pseudo-tty
In order to use a pseudo-tty you will need to connect by ssh using the
-t options. Example:
ssh -t user@myhost sudo mycommand.
-t Force pseudo-tty allocation. This can be used to execute arbitrary screen-based programs on a remote machine, which can be very useful, e.g. when implementing menu services. Multiple -t options force tty allocation, even if ssh has no local tty.
⚠️ If you encounter the error
Pseudo-terminal will not be allocated because stdin is not a terminal., then you will need to use
-ttto force a pseudo-terminal. If you don't need a pseudo-terminal, then use
-Twhich would simply disable pseudo-tty allocation.