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Top 5 Machine Learning and Self-Healing Techniques used by SRE
News Case Study
December 11, 2018 | COMMENTS

This post is a re-post from my original LinkedIn post.

Over the past few years I had the unique opportunity to see a start-up, TubeMogul, going through hyper-growth, an IPO, and an acquisition by a fortune 500, Adobe. In this journey, I was exposed to a lot of technical challenges, and I work on systems at an astonishing scale, i.e. over 350 billions real-time bidding request a day. It allowed me to build some strong personal opinions on the role of an SRE and how they can help transform an organization. I'm lucky enough to work with a talented team of SRE that keep pushing the limits of innovation while executing through chaos.

Human Cognitive Limit

As I flew back from the ML for DevOps (Houston) summit that Adobe sponsored, I took the time to reflect on some of the ways our SRE teams excel in their job and how they leverage machine learning and self-healing principle to scale their day-to-day operations.

I.T. Systems, with the broad adoption of public and private cloud, get more complex over time. The hyper-adoption of micro-services and the increase of loosely coupled distributed systems are an obvious factor, though you can see how IoT devices, edge computing, and al. can factor into the mix.

Point being, it is increasingly difficult for a single individual to understand the space in which a product evolve and live. One cannot assume knowing it all. Humans quickly reach their cognitive limit. So, how do SRE overcome this limit? Below is my take on the top 5 machine learning and self-healing techniques used by SRE to scale and operate increasingly complex environments.

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Bash Error: Must Use Subscript When Assigning Associative Array
Shell Tips
February 23, 2020 | COMMENTS

In our previous post, Iterate and Check if a Bash Array contains a value, we covered the different type of Bash Arrays available since Bash version >4. When using Associative Arrays, you may inadvertently improperly declare your Array and get the error must use subscript when assigning associative array. The documentation mention clearly the requirement for the subscript part of the declaration.

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Iterate and Check if a Bash Array contains a value
Shell Tips
January 27, 2020 | COMMENTS

Version 2 of GNU Bash added support for array variables, a.k.a one-dimensional indexed arrays (or lists). Since the version 4, came the support for associative arrays (a.k.a dictionaries or hashtables). Those features simplifies heavily how you can write your scripts and support more complex logics and use cases.

In this post we will review how to declare, iterate over, and check a value of an indexed arrays and associative arrays.

  1. Difference between Indexed Arrays and Associative Arrays
  2. How to declare a Bash Array
  3. Array Operations and How to loop over a Bash Array
  4. How to Check if a Bash Array contains a value
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How To Upgrade your Bash Version on MacOS
Shell Tips
January 16, 2020 | COMMENTS

GNU Bash is a powerful shell, unfortunately most distribution don't provide you with the latest version which may prevent you to take advantage of the great new features that came with Bash 4 and 5. Also, running an outdated bash version probably expose you to some major vulnerabilities. For example, MacOS comes with Bash 3.x which is quite limiting and lack key features like associative arrays (dictionnaries), improved auto-completion, better Posix conformance, etc. This post cover simple steps to upgrade bash on MacOS.

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Adobe Advertising Cloud: The Reality of Cloud Bursting with OpenStack
May 11, 2017 | COMMENTS

Over the past decade I had the privilege to build a massive scale infrastructure at a small start-up called TubeMogul. We went thru an IPO and an acquisition from a Fortune 500 company, Adobe. Hence, it was quite a privilege to present my team accomplishment at the OpenStack Summit 2017 in Boston. We built a fully automated infrastructure which enable our team to leverage a multi-cloud environment with cloud-bursting capabilities. Check out the presentation on slideshare/youtube and our interview on #TheCube.

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